Home Finland's Wars 1939-1944  KevOs4 Unit History Wartime Photos Upcoming Events Past Events Member Info
Collectors Guide Our Links Page Gear For Sale Special Features   Site Map    Modern Finland Today

Correct Insignia and Rank Badges for Finnish Army, Air Force, and Navy Uniforms

Page 1 - The M/36 Uniform

Page 3 -  Membership Application Information

Page 2 - Approved Weapons

Page 4 - Correct Insignia for Uniforms / Badges of Rank

This Page comes from Military Badges by Booker ( http://www.militarybadges.info ) and is reproduced

here with special permission by Ted Harris of Digger History ( http://www.diggerhistory.info/ )  which hosts

the pages by Booker. KevOs4 owns no copyright on the following material. No copy of this material may

be made without permission of Military Badges by Booker and Digger History.  KevOs4 gets no money for

displaying the following material.

Special text information added by Jarkko Vihavainen - Jaeger Platoon Website.  Thank you from KevOs4!

 

Each image is a thumbnail. Click on the image to get a larger picture.

 

Before the war officers and special officers (medical officers, engineer officers etc…) used also unit insignias in shoulder straps in addition of lions. Lion was the first marking and unit insignia was on top of it. This probably changed during the war – using only either lions or unit insignia at seems to have been quite usual among officers during the war. The unit insignias used by officers before the war and during it were made from metal. The officer’s shoulder straps were typically non-removable. Officers seem to have used the lions in this way until Interim Peace (1940 – 1941), at which time adding them to tunics was forbidden, but the officers didn’t have to remove the lion-symbols from tunics, which had them already. Naval officers were exception to this.
Collar patches and rank badges for Finnish Generals and Senior officers

Rank Badges - Finnish Generals and Senior Officers

Finnish Rank Badges and collar patches for all service arms in the Finnish Army during WWII.

Rank Badges - Junior Officers and N.C.O.s

Finnish Rank Badges and collar patches for all service arms in the Finnish Army during WWII.

Rank Badges - Officers of the Services

 

 

Before the war ordinary soldiers carried sewn (or painted in some rare cases) markings indicating the unit they served in this way. The unit markings were sewn with yellow thread. The units, which didn’t have own unit insignia used just fighting arm symbol. The shoulder straps used by non-officers were removable, so this was possible. According photographs also some non-officers seem to have worn the unit insignias made from metal already before the war (even if it was forbidden). After Winter War many of the old units were abolished and new ones established, but nobody made new unit insignias for them. In some cases unit insignias made from metal were available, but not for free (soldiers could buy them and use the insignias while having a leave at homefront). Because many units no longer had unit insignias Finnish soldiers assumed the basic parts of unit markings (indicating to with fighting arm the unit belonged) and started carrying them in similar manner, but now they indicated only service arm instead of unit. Example of this: "crossed rifles" symbol with number "2" below it indicated Infantry Regiment 2 before the war, but wearing only "crossed rifles" symbol indicated that the soldier served in infantry. Issuing the unit insignias for free (at that point they were always made from metal) didn’t continue until after WW2.
Finnish Rank Badges and collar patches for all service arms in the Finnish Army during WWII.

Arm-of-Service Badges

Finnish Rank Badges and collar patches for all service arms in the Finnish Army during WWII.

Arm-of-Service Badges

Finnish Rank Badges and collar patches for all service arms in the Finnish Army during WWII.

Commemorative badges

 

Basically it seems that in officer tunics one could use shoulder straps with either:

Both lions and unit insignias (and say its pre-war arrangement of officer who served already before the war and which nobody changed during the war – as this happened)

Only lions (and say its wartime arrangement)

Only unit insignias (and say its wartime arrangement)

Only fighting arm symbol (and say its wartime arrangement belonging to officer whose unit didn’t have unit insignia)

BTW: These unit insignias have rather nice nickname among Finnish soldiers – "satiaiset" (= crab louse).

Jarkko Vihavainen - Jaeger Platoon  http://ankkurinvarsi.com/jaeger/

Finnish Rank Badges and collar patches for all service arms in the Finnish Army during WWII.

Commemorative badges      Finnish Rank Badges and collar patches for all service arms in the Finnish Army during WWII.

Commemorative badges   Finnish Rank Badges and collar patches for all service arms in the Finnish Army during WWII.

Military Schools and Courses

 

Some insignia from GUIDO ROSIGNOLI who wrote:1 "Badges and Insignia of World War Two Air Force, Naval, Marine" (1980).  2 "Army Badges and Insignia - Book 1 of World War Two" (1979). 3 Army Badges and Insignia - Book 2" (1975). 4 "Army Badges and Insignia Since 1945" (1973). Macmillan Publishing Co., Inc. Book Two ISBN Number is 0-02-605080-3 (v.2) 1976

Website designed and owned by Marshall Kregel webmaster@kevos4.com
Copyright © 2003 - 2004 Marshall Kregel. No parts of the website may be reproduced without prior authorization.  All rights reserved.
Revised: July 05, 2009 .